Research and publications

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RCeL editions




This project, providing systematic descriptions of the tasks used in all languages in the KPG examinations, is aimed at the collection of the essential meta-data for standardisation of the exam specifications and control of the exam battery. So far, it has involved the creation and the continuous enrichment of a database in which tasks are stored for each language, exam period, and proficiency level along with information regarding the task type (e.g. multiple choice, multiple match, gap filling, etc.), what a given task checks (e.g. reading comprehension, language awareness, production of written or spoken language, written or oral mediation) as well as descriptions of the texts associated with a given task (the source text to which the candidate is asked to respond and the target text which is to be produced). In the theory of language underlying the KPG examinations, the notion of text is understood as the material configuration of various aspects of the communicative context in which language functions. In the Task Analysis database, texts are described in terms of bundles of features specifying their communicative function, or the so-called text genre. These features include the topic and the domain to which a text pertains (e.g. environment, entertainment, travel, sport, etc.); the discourse environment of the text (e.g. newspaper, magazine, webpage, encyclopedia, dictionary, etc.), incorporating distinctions regarding the communicative roles or identities of the author and addressee of the text; the text type (e.g. article, announcement, report, advertisement, email, etc.), identified in terms of the communicative goals for which the text has been produced as well as its structure; and the text process (e.g. description, narration, explanation, argumentation, instruction) by means of which the communicative goals are fulfilled. The values that these features may take are specified in pre-defined typologies, i.e. the KPG typologies of domains, discourse environments, text types and processes. Treating genres in terms of combinations of individual parameters has significant advantages over their conception as atomic categories. The model that has been implemented supports the classification of texts on the basis of well-defined criteria designating coherent categories. This classification is readily extensible to new categories. Furthermore, it enables identifying how linguistic choices attested in texts correlate with specific aspects of their communicative context.


The KPG multilingual examination suite


Test papers and evaluator training


Research and publications


Funded KPG Projects


Partnership with the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki



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